Postage Stamps of the United States First Issued in 1862

President: Abraham Lincoln · Postmaster General: Montgomery Blair.
Domestic Letter Rate East of the Rockies per ½ oz.: Three Cents – Prepayment compulsory, stamp required.
Domestic Letter Rate crossing the Rockies per ½ oz.: Ten Cents – Prepayment compulsory, stamp required.
Foreign Letter Rate under 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents – except where otherwise adjusted by treaty.
Foreign Letter Rate over 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Twenty Cents – except where otherwise adjusted by treaty.
Rate for Drop Letters: One Cent.
Rate for Newspapers and Circulars up to 3 oz.: One Cent, with one cent for each additional oz.
Carrier Fee (not available in all cities): One Cent.

The following postage stamp varieties were first issued by the U.S. in 1862:
Scott 70 – 24¢ Red Lilac Washington – EDU: Jan. 7, 1862 – about 400,000 issued.
Scott 70a – 24¢ Brown Lilac Washington – EDU: Feb. 5, 1862.
Scott 75 – 5¢ Red Brown Jefferson – EDU: Jan. 2, 1862 – about 1 million issued.
Scott 78a – 24¢ Gray Lilac Washington – EDU: Oct. 23, 1862.
Scott 78b – 24¢ Gray Washington – EDU: (Oct. 26?), 1862.

See also: Designs of the 1861-1868 Regular Issues

Commemoratives: The first Commemorative stamps were not issued until 1893.
Special Delivery: The first Special Delivery stamps were not issued until 1885.
Postage Dues: The first Postage Due Stamps were not issued until 1879.

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