|24¢ Washington||30¢ Franklin||90¢ Washington|
President: James Buchanan · Postmaster General: Joseph Holt.
The Pony Express officially began delivering letters on April 3, 1860.
Domestic Letter Rate under 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Three Cents – Prepayment compulsory, stamp required.
Domestic Letter Rate over 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents – Prepayment compulsory, stamp required.
Foreign Letter Rate under 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents – except where otherwise adjusted by treaty.
Foreign Letter Rate over 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Twenty Cents – except where otherwise adjusted by treaty.
Rate for Drop Letters: One Cent – prepayment not required – no weight restrictions.
Rate for Newspapers and Circulars up to 3 oz.: One Cent, with one cent for each additional oz.
Carrier Fee (not available in all cities): One Cent.
Registry Fee : Five Cents (no return receipt to sender) – paid in cash, stamp not required.
The following postage stamp varieties were first issued by the U.S. in 1860:
1¢ Franklin Type V (Plate 10 – EDU: June 14, 1860).
5¢ Brown to deep brown Type II Jefferson – EDU: May 4 – est. 825,000 issued.
12¢ Black Washington (Plate 3) – EDU: June 1, 1860.
24¢ Gray Lilac Washington – EDU: July 7 – about 736,000 issued.
24¢ Gray Washington.
30¢ Orange Franklin Issued on Aug. 8, 1860 (First Days are Known) – about 356,000 issued.
90¢ Blue Washington EDU: Sep. 11 – about 25,000 issued.
See also: Designs of the 1851-1860 Regular Issues
Commemoratives: The first Commemorative stamps were not issued until 1893.
Special Delivery: The first Special Delivery stamps were not issued until 1885.
Postage Dues: The first Postage Due Stamps were not issued until 1879.