President: James Buchanan · Postmaster General: Aaron V. Brown.
Admitted to the Union: Minnesota on May 11, 1858.
Domestic Letter Rate under 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Three Cents – Prepayment compulsory, stamp required.
Domestic Letter Rate over 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents – Prepayment compulsory, stamp required.
Foreign Letter Rate under 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents – except where otherwise adjusted by treat.
Foreign Letter Rate over 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Twenty Cents – except where otherwise adjusted by treaty.
Rate for Drop Letters : One Cent – prepayment not required – no weight restrictions.
Rate for Newspapers and Circulars up to 3 oz.: One Cent, with one cent for each additional oz.
Carrier Fee (not available in all cities) : One Cent.
Registry Fee: Five Cents (no return receipt to sender) – No stamp required.
The following postage stamp varieties were first issued by the U.S. in 1858:
5¢ Brick Red Type I Jefferson – EDU: Oct. 6, 1858 – over 135,000 issued.
5¢ Indian Red Type I Jefferson – EDU: March 31, 1858 – 25 to 50 thousand issued.
See also: Designs of the 1851-1860 Regular Issues
Commemoratives: The first Commemorative stamps were not issued until 1893.
Special Delivery: The first Special Delivery stamps were not issued until 1885.
Postage Dues: The first Postage Due Stamps were not issued until 1879.