Postage Stamps of the United States First Issued in 1856


5¢ Jefferson of 1856 Type I

President: Franklin Pierce · Postmaster General: James Campbell.
Domestic Letter Rate under 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Three Cents – Prepayment compulsory, stamp now required.
Domestic Letter Rate over 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents – Prepayment compulsory, stamp required.
Foreign Letter Rate under 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents – except where otherwise adjusted by treaty.
Foreign Letter Rate over 2500 mi. per ½ oz.:Twenty Cents – except where otherwise adjusted by treaty.
Rate for Drop Letters: One Cent- prepayment not required – no weight restrictions.
Rate for Newspapers and Circulars up to 3 oz.: One Cent, with one cent for each additional oz.
Carrier Fee (not available in all cities): One Cent.
Registry Fee: Five Cents (no return receipt to sender) – paid in cash, no stamp necessary.

Ordinary issue Imperforate
1¢ Blue Franklin Plate 3 – Type II (May 1856).
5¢ Red Brown Type I Jefferson – Issued in early 1856 – EDU: Mar. 24, 1856 – over 150,000 issued.

see also: Designs of the 1851-1860 Regular Issues

Commemoratives: The first Commemorative stamps were not issued until 1893.
Special Delivery: The first Special Delivery stamps were not issued until 1885.
Postage Dues: The first Postage Due Stamps were not issued until 1879.

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