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1859
Postage Stamps of the United States First Issued in 1859

President: James Buchanan
Postmasters General: 1/1-3/13: Aaron V. Brown · 3/14-12/31: Joseph Holt
Admitted to the Union: Oregon on February 14, 1859
Domestic Letter Rate under 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Three Cents - Prepayment compulsory, stamp required
Domestic Letter Rate over 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents - Prepayment compulsory, stamp required
Foreign Letter Rate under 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents - except where otherwise adjusted by treaty
Foreign Letter Rate over 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Twenty Cents - except where otherwise adjusted by treaty
Rate for Drop Letters: One Cent - prepayment not required - no weight restrictions
Rate for Newspapers and Circulars up to 3 oz.: One Cent, with one cent for each additional oz.
Carrier Fee (not available in all cities): One Cent
Registry Fee: 5¢ (no return receipt to sender) - paid in cash, no stamp required

The following postage stamp varieties were first issued by the U.S. in 1859:
1¢ Franklin Type V (Plate 9 - EDU: Aug. 2, 1859)
5¢ Brown (pale to deep) Type I Jefferson - EDU: March 21 - est.  510,000 issued
10¢ Green Washington Type V - EDU: April 29 - over 10 million issued

see also: Designs of the 1851-1860 Regular Issues

Commemoratives: The first Commemorative stamps were not issued until 1893
Special Delivery: The first Special Delivery stamps were not issued until 1885
Postage Dues: The first Postage Due Stamps were not issued until 1879


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