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1853
Postage Stamps of the United States First Issued in 1853

Presidents: 1/1-3/3: Millard Fillmore · 3/4-12/31: Franklin Pierce
Postmasters General: 1/1-3/6: Samuel D. Hubbard · 3/7-12/31: James Campbell
Domestic Letter Rate under 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Prepaid: Three Cents · Not Prepaid: Five Cents
Domestic Letter Rate over 3000 mi. per ½ oz.: Prepaid: Six Cents · Not Prepaid: Ten Cents
Foreign Letter Rate under 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Ten Cents - except where otherwise adjusted by treaty
Foreign Letter Rate over 2500 mi. per ½ oz.: Twenty Cents - except where otherwise adjusted by treaty
Rate for Drop Letters: One Cent - prepayment not required - no weight restriction
Rate for Newspapers and Circulars up to 3 oz.: 1¢, one cent for each additional oz., prepayment required
the rate for newspapers and periodicals did not change until 1863

Important Events in U.S. Postal History: July 1, 1853: The first Stamped Envelopes - 3¢ with portrait of Washington printed on front

The following postage stamp varieties were first issued by the U.S. in 1853:
No new varieties of regular issue U.S. postage stamps were issued in 1853.
Commemoratives: The first Commemorative stamps were not issued until 1893
Special Delivery: The first Special Delivery stamps were not issued until 1885
Postage Dues: The first Postage Due Stamps were not issued until 1879

see also: Designs of the 1851-1860 Regular Issues

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