Designs of the 1894 Series – The First Bureau Issue or “Triangles”

Printed by The Bureau of Engraving and Printing · Perf. 12 · Uniform Design Size: 19 x 22 mm · The 3¢ – $5 values have collectible arrow blocks. Note the triangles at upper left and right – See 1890 for comparison with the American Bank Note Company "Baby" Bank Notes. The "Triangles" and other revisions to the 1890 Series were added by G.F.C. Smillie, J. Kennedy, M. W. Baldwin and E. M. Hall A Souvenir Card was issued by the BEP in 1994 in black, and again in 1995 in blue, with engraved designs of each of the the 13 denominations.

· Types I, II and III of the 2¢ Stamp
· Type III Vs IV of the 2¢ Stamp
· Types of the 10¢ Stamp
· Types of the $1 Stamp

1¢ Franklin Design of 1894

· Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 246 10/17/1894 ~67.3 million none bright to dark ultramarine; double transfer; Pl#’s 2, 6, 15, 17, 18, 21, 24, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35 possible on all four sides; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100 The one-cent stamp paid the rate for local letters.
1894 247 11/5/1894 ~337 million none bright to dark blue; double transfer; Pl#’s 18, 21, 24, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 98, 99, 101, 102, 119-122
1895 264 5/16/1895 ~1.97 billion double-line USPS pale to dark blue; double transfer; there are about 75 plate numbers known for this stamp
1895 264S E "Specimen" overprint in purple Specimen Stamp
1897 264S O 125 "UNIVERSAL POSTAL CONGRESS" overprint in red Specimen Stamp

1¢ Franklin New Color of 1897-98

· Designer: Alfred P. Major
· Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 279 1/29/1898 5,216,159,932 horizontal double-line USPS green to deep green; yellow to dark yellow green; double transfer; more than 270 plate nos. are known for this stamp possible on all four sides; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100 The new color was to conform with the U.P.U standard, that is, one cent stamps were to be printed in green.
1902 279a D/L vert. deep green; note that this a variety and not a booklet stamp
1898 R153 double-line green; red I. R. overprint (rectangular periods)
1898 R154 double-line green; red I. R. overprint (oval periods)
R154a double-line inverted red I. R. (oval periods)
R154b double-line red I. R. (oval periods) on back of stamp
R154c double-line setenant pair; one with red I. R., one without
1898 279 Revenue double-line deep green; black overprint "Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7-5-’98" large I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279 Revenue double-line deep green; black overprint with serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279 Revenue double-line deep green; black overprint without serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1899 Cuba 221 4,000,000 double-line yellow green with Cuba 1 c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Guam 1 25,000 double-line deep green with GUAM overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Philippines 213 5,500,000 double-line yellow green; PHILIPPINES black overprint; inverted overprint U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Porto Rico 210(a)

3/15/1899 1,000,000 double-line yellow green; black PORTO RICO overprint at a 36 degree angle; varieties at 25 degrees; PORTO RICU U.S. Possession Postage
1900 Puerto Rico 215 500,000 double-line yellow green; black PUERTO RICO overprint at a 25 degree angle U.S. Possession Postage

2¢ Washington Design
of 1894

· Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Types I, II, III and IV of the 2¢ Stamp

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Type / Colors / Varieties Straight-edge/ Pl#s Purpose
1894 248 10/16/1894 ~35 million none Type I; pink, pale pink; double transfer; vertical pair imperforate horizontally straight-edge possible on all four sides; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100. Pl#’s. 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8-13, 16, 19, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 30, 32 (type I) known on Cat. # 248, 249 & 250 plate nos. 78-80, 82, 88, 89, 96, 97, 110, 111  (type I) are known on Sc249, 250 & 265 (Pl#’s 89 & 110 are not known on Cat. # 265)
Pl#’s 112-117, 124, 125, 144  (type I) are known on Cat. # 250 & Cat. # 265
Pl#’s 126, 131-133  (type II) are known on Sc251 & 266.
Pl#169 (type II) is only on Sc266. Pl#170 is setenant, the first 3 columns are type II, Sc266 and the other 17 columns are type III, Sc267.
Pl#’s 141-143, 145, 146, 148-158 (type III) are found on Cat. # 252 and 267
Pl#’s 141//503 (type III) are found on Sc267 while Pl#’s 505//1493 (type IV) are found on Sc279b. Note that if the plate number is 505 or greater it must be a type IV stamp.
The plate number is over stamp 7 in the top right margin except on plate 802, in which it is over stamp 8.
The two-cent stamp paid the first class letter rate.
1894 249 10/11/1894 ~96 million none Type I; carmine lake; double impression
1894 250 10/11/1894 ~910 million none Type I; carmine, dark carmine; double transfer horizontal pair imperforate between
1894 250a 10/13/94 none Type I; rose
1894 250b scarlet none Type I; scarlet
1895 251 2/12/1895 ~97 million none Type II; carmine; dark carmine
251a scarlet none Type II; scarlet
1895 252 4/02/1895 ~83 million none Type III; carmine, pale carmine; horiz. pr. imperf. vert. or between dot in "S" of Cents
252a scarlet none Type III; scarlet
1895 265 5/2/1895 ~300 million double-line Type I; carmine, deep carmine; double transfer
1895 266 5/27/1895 ~125 million double-line Type II; carmine; type II and III setenant pr.
1895 267 5/28/1895 ~7.48 billion double-line Type III; carmine, deep carmine, reddish carmine; scarlet (267a); double transfer; dot in "S’ of CENTS
1895 267S E "Specimen" overprint in purple; type III; carmine
1897 267S O 125 (Specimen) "UNIVERSAL POSTAL CONGRESS" blue overprint
267 dot in S double-line Type III; pink; dot in "S" of Cents
267S E dot in S "Specimen" overprint in purple; type III; pink
267b vermilion double-line Type III; vermilion (1899)
267c rose carmine double-line Type III; rose carmine (1899)
1897 279B 7/6/1899 12 billion double-line Type IV; red, light red, deep red; double transfer; triple transfer; upper right triangle not shaded
279Bc rose carmine 3/30/1899 double-line Type IV; rose carmine, bright carmine rose
279Bd orange red 6/8/1900 D/L horiz. Type IV; pale to dark to deep orange red
279Be orange red vertical wmk. D/L vert. Type IV; orange red (as 279Bd);  the vertical watermark was an error
1897 279Bf carmine 11/18/1897 double-line Type IV; carmine, reddish carmine
1897 279Bg pink 12/1/1897 double-line Type IV; pink, bright pink
279Bh vermilion 2/27/1899 double-line Type IV; vermilion, pale vermilion
1899 279Bi brownish orange double-line Type IV; brown orange – Type IV
1900 279Bj booklet 5/4/1900 D/L horiz. Type IV; booklet pane (6); red, light red, orange red
1902 279Bk red booklet stamp D/L vert. Type IV; booklet pane of 6; red (1902)
1898 267 Revenue pink 7/1/1898 double-line pink; type III; blue I. R. overprint (round periods); varieties: inverted or missing overprint; overprint on back
1898 267 Revenue carmine 7/1/1898 double-line carmine; type III; blue I. R. overprint (round periods)
1898 R155 pink 7/1/1898 double-line pink; type IV;  blue I. R. overprint (round periods); varieties: inverted overprint; overprint in magenta
1898 R155 carmine 7/1/1898 double-line carmine; type III; blue I. R. overprint (round periods)
1898 267 Proprietary pink double-line pink; type III; black overprint " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7-5-’98" – Large I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279B Proprietary pink double-line pink; type IV; black overprint " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7-5-’98" – Large I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 267 Proprietary pink double-line pink; type III; black overprint with serifs "Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" – Small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279B Proprietary pink double-line pink; type IV; black overprint with serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" – Small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 267 Proprietary pink double-line pink; type III; black overprint w/o serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" – Small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1898 279B Proprietary pink double-line pink; type IV; black overprint w/o serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" – Small I.R. Private Die Proprietary
1899 Cuba 222 double-line reddish carmine; type III; with Cuba 2 c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 222 vermilion double-line vermilion; type III; with Cuba 2 c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 222 invert double-line reddish carmine; type IV; black overprint Cuba 2 c. de PESO ; Varieties: "CUBA" at bottom or inverted; "CUPA"
1899 Cuba 222 vermilion double-line vermilion; type IV; with Cuba 2 c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 double-line reddish carmine; type III; with Cuba 2½ c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 vermilion double-line vermilion; type III; with Cuba 2½ c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 double-line reddish carmine; type IV; black overprint Cuba 2½ c. de PESO U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 vermilion double-line vermilion; type IV; with Cuba 2½ c. de PESO overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Guam 2 105,000 double-line red; type IV with GUAM overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Guam 2 rose carmine double-line rose carmine; type IV with GUAM overprint in black U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Philippines 214 6,970,000 double-line red (light red); type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
1901 Philippines 214 orange red double-line orange red (pale/deep); type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
Philippines 214 reddish carmine double-line reddish carmine; type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
Philippines 214 rose carmine double-line rose carmine; type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
1900 Philippines 214 booklet double-line Booklet Pane; red (orange red) ; type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Porto Rico 211 3/15/1899 double-line reddish carmine; type IV; black PORTO RICO overprint at a 36 degree angle; Varieties: overprint at 25 degrees; FORTO RICO; PORTO RICU; PORTU RICO; PURTO RICO; FURTU RICO

3¢ Jackson Design of 1894

· Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 253 10/20/1894 off cover, 11/15/1894 on cover 20,214,300 none purple to dark purple; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100. Pl#’s 44, 46, 47, 48 sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100. Pl#’s 91, 95, 103, 107 400-subject sheets: possible on all 4 sides 200-subject sheets: left or right only The three-cent stamp was used as an all-purpose stamp to complete postage requirements as needed.
1895 268 12/1/1895 203,057,170 double-line USPS purple to dark purple; double transfer; sheets of 200 cut  into two panes of 100 Pl#’s 91, 95, 103, 107, 447-450, 1213-1216

4¢ Lincoln Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Alfred Jones
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 254 10/16/1894 16,718,150 none dark brown, brown. sheets of 400 (4panes of 100): Pl#’s 45, 50, 51, 59
sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100): Pl#’s 92, 94, 104, 106
400-subject sheets: possible on all 4 sides; 200-subject sheets: left or right only The 4-cent stamp paid double the first class letter rate and was sometimes used as a substitute for the eight-cent stamp to pay the registry rate, using two stamps.
1895 269 7/22/1895 78,167,836 double-line USPS dark brown, dark yellow brown; double transfer sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100); Pl#’s 92, 94, 104, 106, 194-197, 456-463 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100
1898 280 11/13/1898 153,499,379 double-line USPS rose brown; double transfer extra frame line at top – plate 793 possible on all 4 sides; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100
280a double-line USPS lilac brown; brownish claret
280b double-line USPS orange brown

5¢ Grant Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 255 10/23/1894 30,688,840 none chocolate, deep chocolate, yellow brown; double transfer; lines missing in background oval; vert. pair imperf. horiz.;
sheets of 400 (4panes of 100): Pl#’s 49, 53, 54, 56
sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100): Pl#’s 128-130, and 134, 161-164
400-subject sheets: possible on all 4 sides; 200-subject sheets: left or right only The five-cent stamp paid the U.P.U. rate for foreign mail.
1895 270 9/12/1895 123,775,455 double-line USPS chocolate, deep brown; chestnut brown; double transfer; lines missing in background oval; sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100): Pl#’s 128-130, 134, 161-164, 189, 190, 192, 193, 250-253, 351, 353, 357, 359, 389-392 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100

5¢ Grant New Color of 1898

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 281 3/19/1898 279,622,170 double-line USPS bright to dark blue; double transfer; worn plate with diagonal lines missing in background oval left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100 The new color was issued to conform with the U.P.U standard, that is, five cent stamps were to be printed in blue.

6¢ Garfield Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 256 8/11/1894 5,120,800 none dull brown; vert. pair imperf. horiz.; plate nos. 28 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100 The six-cent stamp paid triple the first class letter rate and was often used as an all-purpose stamp to complete postage needs.
1895 271 9/14/1895 20,712,875 double-line USPS dull brown, claret brown; very thin paper; plate no. 28, 184, 248, 373, 386, 451
271a with USIR watermark USIR —–

6¢ Garfield New Color of 1898

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 282 3/13/1899 46,457,450 double-line USPS lake; claret; double transfer left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100 the six-cent stamp paid triple the first class letter rate and was often used as an all-purpose stamp to complete postage requirements
282a purplish lake double-line USPS lake; claret

8¢ Sherman Design of 1895

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1895 257 5/8/1895 2,426,100 none violet brown, bright violet brown; plate no. 58 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100 The eight-cent stamp paid the registry fee.
1895 272 9/11/1895 96,217,820 double-line USPS violet brown, dark violet brown; double transfer; plate nos. 58, 249, 555, 928-931, 1094-1097
272a with USIR watermark double-line USIR —–

10¢ Webster Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 258 11/2/1894 off cover 12,263,180 none dark green, green, dull green; double transfer; plate nos. 55, 62, 63, 64 possible on all 4 sides; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100 The ten-cent stamp paid the first class letter plus registry fee; it also paid double the U.P.U. foreign mail rate.
1895 273 7/25/1895 59,983,007 double-line USPS dark green, green; double transfer; plate nos. 55, 62-64, 302, 303, 305, 306

10¢ Webster New Color of 1898

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties/Type Straight-edge Purpose
1898 282C 12/10/1898 42 million double-line USPS brown to dark brown; double transfer ype I – Types of the 10¢ Stamp possible on all 4 sides; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100 The ten-cent stamp paid the first class letter plus registry fee; it also paid double the U.P.U. foreign mail rate. The color change was necessary to avoid confusion with the new green one-cent stamp.
1898 283 3/13/1899 65 million horizontal double-line USPS yellow to orange brown Type II
1900 283a with vertical watermark vertical double-line USPS yellow to orange brown Type II

15¢ Clay Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 259 12/6/1894 1,583,920 none dark blue, indigo; plate no. 52 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100 The fifteen-cent stamp was used mainly for letters over 2 oz. to Europe and on 4th class mail and parcel post packages.
1895 274 5/5/1896 7,013,612 double-line USPS dark blue, indigo; plate nos. 52, 264

15¢ Clay New Color of 1898

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Charles Skinner
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 284 3/3/1899 15,993,313 double-line USPS olive to dark olive green left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100 The fifteen-cent stamp also paid triple the U.P.U. foreign mail rate and was often used as an all-purpose stamp to complete postage. The color change was necessary to avoid confusion with the new blue five-cent stamp.

50¢ Jefferson Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Alfred Jones
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 260 12/12/1894 off cover, 1/15/95 on 175,330 orange to deep orange; plate no. 75 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100 The fifty-cent stamp was used on multiple rate letters and parcels.
1895 275 5/5/1896 1,065,390 double-line USPS orange to bright orange; plate no. 75
275a reddish orange double-line USPS red orange

$1 Perry Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Type/Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 261 1/18/1895 26,284 none Types of the $1 Stamp Type I; grayish black to black; plate no. 76 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100. Note that all of the stamps come from plate 76. The first 15 columns (150 stamps) starting from the left are type I and the last five columns (50 stamps) are type II. The one-dollar stamp was used on high multiple rate letters and parcels.
1894 261A 3/22/1895 8,762 none Type II; grayish black to black; setenant pairs and multiples with Cat. # 261; plate no. 76
1895 276 4/9/1897 192,449 double-line USPS Type I; greenish black to black; plate no. 76
1895 276A 4/6/1896 63,803 double-line USPS Type II; greenish black to black; setenant pairs and multiples with Cat. # 276; plate no. 76

$2 Madison Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 262 7/6/1895 off cover, 7/15/1895 on cover 10,027 none bright blue; plate no. 84 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100 The two-dollar stamp was used primarily on parcels.
1895 277 7/18/1895 31,720 double-line USPS bright blue; plate no. 84
277a double-line USPS dark blue; plate no. 84

$5 Marshall Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F. Morris
· Vignette: Edward C. Steimle
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson
· Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors / Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 263 7/6/1896 6,251 none dark green; plate no. 85 left or right only; sheets of 200 cut into two panes of 100 The five-dollar stamp was used primarily on heavy parcels.
1895 278 11/3/1896 26,965 double-line USPS dark green; plate no. 85

Notes:

The EDU information is based on the best information available. If you know of a documented usage earlier than the one listed, please let us know and the information will be updated as appropriate.

Bibliography and suggested additional reading:

Basic Information:  The Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Volume II, by Lester Brookman (1966)
The 1949 Cat. # U.S. Specialized Stamp Catalogue Cat. # Stamp & Coin Co. Limited

Notable Auction Sales: The Whitpain Collection of U.S. 1894-1898 Bureau Issues – Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries #977 Dec. 2-3, 2009.
Design dimensions: The Postage Stamps of the United States, John Luff  (1902 and 1937)
Colors:
The Encyclopedia of the Colors of United States Postage Stamps – Volume 3 – Issues of 1894-1907, by Roy H. White (1981).
The Micarelli Identification Guide to U.S. Stamps: Regular Issues 1847-1934 by Charles N. Micarelli.

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