Designs of the 1894 Series – The First Bureau Issue or “Triangles”

Printed by The Bureau of Engraving and Printing · Perf. 12 · Uniform Design Size: 19 x 22 mm · The 3¢ – $5 values have collectible arrow blocks. Note the triangles at upper left and right – See 1890 for comparison with the American Bank Note Company "Baby" Bank Notes. The "Triangles" and other revisions to the 1890 Series were added by G.F.C. Smillie, J. Kennedy, M. W. Baldwin and E. M. Hall A Souvenir Card was issued by the BEP in 1994 in black, and again in 1995 in blue, with engraved designs of each of the the 13 denominations.

Types I, II and III of the 2¢ Stamp
· Type III Vs IV of the 2¢ Stamp
· Types of the 10¢ Stamp
· Types of the $1 Stamp

>

  1¢ Franklin Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Edward C. Steimle · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 246 10/17/1894 ~67.3 million none bright to dark ultramarine;
double transfer;
Pl#’s 2, 6, 15, 17, 18, 21, 24, 
27, 29, 31, 33, 35
possible on 
all four sides;
sheets of 400 cut 
into four panes of 100
The one-cent stamp
paid 
the rate for local letters.
1894 247 11/5/1894 ~337 million none bright to dark blue; double
transfer;
Pl#’s 18, 21, 24, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35;
98, 99, 101, 102, 119-122
1895 264 5/16/1895 ~1.97 billion double-line USPS pale to dark blue; double
transfer; there are about 75 plate numbers known for this stamp
1895 264S E "Specimen"
overprint in purple
Specimen Stamp
1897 264S O 125 "UNIVERSAL
POSTAL CONGRESS" overprint in red
Specimen Stamp
  1¢ Franklin New Color of 1897-98

Designer: Alfred P. Major
· Vignette: Edward C. Steimle · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No.
Issued
Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 279 1/29/1898 5,216,159,932 horizontal
double-line
USPS
green to deep green; yellow to dark yellow green;
double transfer; more than 270 
plate nos. are known for this stamp
possible on all four sides; sheets of 400 cut 
into four panes of 100
The new color was to conform
with the U.P.U standard, that is, one cent stamps were
to be printed in green.
1902 279a D/L vert. deep green; note that this a
variety and not a booklet stamp
1898 R153 double-line green; red I. R. overprint (rectangular periods)
1898 R154 double-line green; red I. R. overprint (oval periods)
R154a double-line inverted red I. R. (oval periods)
R154b double-line red I. R. (oval periods) on back of stamp
R154c double-line setenant pair; one with red I. R., one
without
1898 279 Revenue double-line deep green; black overprint
"Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7-5-’98" large I.R.
Private Die Proprietary
1898 279 Revenue double-line deep green;
black overprint with serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98"
small I.R.
Private Die Proprietary
1898 279 Revenue double-line deep green;
black overprint without serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98"
small I.R.
Private Die Proprietary
1899 Cuba 221 4,000,000 double-line yellow green with Cuba 1 c. de
PESO overprint in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Guam 1 25,000 double-line deep green with GUAM overprint
in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Philippines 213 5,500,000 double-line yellow green; PHILIPPINES black
overprint; inverted overprint
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Porto Rico 210(a)
3/15/1899
1,000,000 double-line yellow green; black PORTO RICO
overprint at a 36 degree angle; varieties at 25 degrees; PORTO RICU
U.S. Possession Postage
1900 Puerto Rico 215 500,000 double-line yellow green; black PUERTO RICO
overprint at a 25 degree angle
U.S. Possession Postage
  2¢ Washington Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Type/Colors/Varieties Straight-edge/ Pl#s Purpose
Types I, II, III and IV of the 2¢ Stamp
1894 248 10/16/1894 ~35 million none Type I; pink,
pale pink; double transfer; 
vertical pair imperforate horizontally  
straight-edge
possible on all four sides; sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100

Pl#’s. 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8-13, 16, 19, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 30, 32
 (type I) known on Cat. # 248, 249 & 250

plate nos. 78-80, 82, 88, 89, 96, 97, 110, 111  (type I) are known
on Sc249, 250 & 265 (Pl#’s 89 & 110 are not known on Cat. # 265)

Pl#’s 112-117, 124, 125, 144  (type I) are known on 
Cat. # 250 & Cat. # 265

Pl#’s 126, 131-133  (type II) are known on Sc251 &
266. 

Pl#169 (type II) is only on Sc266. Pl#170 is setenant, the first 3
columns are type II, Sc266 and the other 17 columns are type III, Sc267.

Pl#’s 141-143, 145, 146, 148-158 (type III) are found on Cat. # 252 and
267

Pl#’s 141//503 (type III) are found on Sc267 while
Pl#’s 505//1493 (type IV) are found on Sc279b. Note 
that if the plate number is 505 or greater it must be a type IV stamp..

The plate number is over stamp 7 in the top right margin except on plate
802, in which it is over stamp 8.

The two-cent
stamp paid 
the first class letter rate.

1894 249 10/11/1894 ~96 million none Type I; carmine lake; double
impression
1894 250 10/11/1894 ~910 million none Type I; carmine,
dark carmine; double
transfer
horizontal pair imperforate between 
1894 250a 10/13/94 none  Type I; rose
1894 250b scarlet none Type I;
scarlet
1895 251 2/12/1895 ~97 million none Type II; carmine;
dark carmine
251a scarlet none Type II;  scarlet
1895 252 4/02/1895 ~83 million none Type III; carmine,
pale carmine; horiz. pr. imperf. vert. or between;  dot
in "S" of  Cents
252a scarlet none Type III;
scarlet
1895 265 5/2/1895 ~300 million double-line Type I; carmine,
deep carmine; double transfer
1895 266 5/27/1895 ~125 million double-line Type II; carmine;
type II and III setenant pr.
1895 267 5/28/1895 ~7.48 billion double-line Type III; carmine,
deep carmine, reddish carmine; scarlet (267a); double transfer; dot in "S’ of CENTS
1895 267S E "Specimen"
overprint in purple; type III; carmine
1897 267S O 125 (Specimen)
"UNIVERSAL POSTAL CONGRESS" blue overprint
267 dot in S double-line Type III; pink; dot
in "S" of  Cents 
267S E dot in S "Specimen"
overprint in purple; type III;  pink 
267b vermilion double-line Type III; vermilion
(1899)
267c rose carmine double-line Type III; rose carmine
(1899)
1897 279B 7/6/1899 12 billion double-line Type IV; red,
light red, deep red; double transfer; triple transfer; upper right
triangle not shaded 
279Bc rose carmine 3/30/1899 double-line Type IV; rose
carmine, bright carmine rose
279Bd orange red 6/8/1900 D/L horiz. Type IV; pale
to dark  to deep orange red
279Be orange red vertical wmk. D/L vert. Type IV;
orange red (as 279Bd);
 the vertical watermark was an error
1897 279Bf carmine 11/18/1897 double-line Type IV; carmine,
reddish carmine
1897 279Bg pink 12/1/1897 double-line Type IV; pink,
bright pink
279Bh vermilion 2/27/1899 double-line Type IV; vermilion,
pale vermilion
1899 279Bi brownish orange double-line Type IV; brown orange – Type IV
1900 279Bj booklet 5/4/1900 D/L horiz. Type IV; booklet pane (6); 
red, light red, orange red
1902 279Bk red booklet stamp D/L vert. Type IV; booklet pane of
6; red (1902)
1898 267 Revenue pink 7/1/1898 double-line pink; type
III;  blue I. R. overprint (round periods); varieties: inverted or
missing overprint; overprint on back
1898 267 Revenue carmine 7/1/1898 double-line carmine; type
III;  blue I. R. overprint (round periods)
1898 R155 pink 7/1/1898 double-line pink; type
IV;  blue I. R. overprint (round periods); varieties: inverted
overprint; overprint in magenta
1898 R155 carmine 7/1/1898 double-line carmine; type
III;  blue I. R. overprint (round periods)
1898 267 Proprietary pink double-line pink; type III;
black overprint " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7-5-’98" – Large I.R.
Private Die Proprietary
1898 279B Proprietary pink double-line pink; type IV;
black overprint " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7-5-’98" – Large I.R.
Private Die Proprietary
1898 267 Proprietary pink double-line pink; type III;
black overprint with serifs "Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" –
Small I.R.
Private Die Proprietary
1898 279B Proprietary pink double-line pink; type IV;
black overprint with serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" –
Small I.R.
Private Die Proprietary
1898 267 Proprietary pink double-line pink; type III;
black overprint w/o serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" –
Small I.R.
Private Die Proprietary
1898 279B Proprietary pink double-line pink; type IV;
black overprint w/o serifs " Dr. K. & Co./I. R./7–’98" –
Small I.R.
Private Die Proprietary
1899 Cuba 222 double-line reddish carmine;
type III; with Cuba 2 c. de
PESO overprint in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 222 vermilion double-line vermilion; type
III; with Cuba 2 c. de
PESO overprint in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 222 invert double-line reddish carmine;
type IV; black overprint Cuba 2 c. de
PESO ; Varieties: "CUBA" at bottom or inverted; "CUPA"
1899 Cuba 222 vermilion double-line vermilion; type
IV; with Cuba 2 c. de
PESO overprint in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 double-line reddish carmine;
type III; with Cuba 2½ c. de
PESO overprint in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 vermilion double-line vermilion; type
III; with Cuba 2½ c. de
PESO overprint in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 double-line reddish
carmine; type IV; black overprint Cuba 2½ c. de
PESO
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Cuba 223 vermilion double-line vermilion; type
IV; with Cuba 2½ c. de
PESO overprint in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Guam 2 105,000 double-line red; type IV with GUAM overprint
in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Guam 2 rose carmine double-line rose carmine;
type IV with GUAM overprint
in black
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Philippines 214 6,970,000 double-line red (light red);
type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint
U.S. Possession Postage
1901 Philippines 214 orange red double-line orange red
(pale/deep); type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint
U.S. Possession Postage
Philippines 214 reddish carmine double-line reddish
carmine; type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint
U.S. Possession Postage
Philippines 214 rose carmine double-line rose carmine;
type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint
U.S. Possession Postage
1900 Philippines 214 booklet double-line Booklet Pane;
red (orange red) ; type IV with PHILIPPINES black overprint
U.S. Possession Postage
1899 Porto Rico 211 – 3/15/1899 double-line reddish
carmine; type IV; black PORTO RICO
overprint at a 36 degree angle; 
Varieties: overprint at 25 degrees; FORTO RICO; PORTO RICU; PORTU RICO;
PURTO RICO; FURTU RICO
 3¢
Jackson Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 253 10/20/1894
off cover

11/15/1894
on cover

20,214,300 none purple to dark purple;
sheets of 400 cut into four panes of 100
Pl#’s 44, 46, 47, 48
sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100
Pl#’s 91, 95, 103, 107
 400-subject
sheets: 
possible on all 4 sides

200-subject sheets: 
 left or right only

The three-cent
stamp was 
used as an all-purpose 
stamp to complete postage 
requirements as needed.
1895 268 12/1/1895 203,057,170 double-line
USPS
purple to dark purple; double
transfer;
sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100
Pl#’s 91, 95, 103, 107, 447-450, 1213-1216
  4¢ Lincoln Design of 1894 

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Alfred Jones · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 254 10/16/1894 16,718,150 none dark brown, brown
sheets of 400 (4panes of 100):
Pl#’s 45, 50, 51, 59
sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100):
Pl#’s 92, 94, 104, 106
400-subject
sheets: 
possible on all 4 sides;
200-subject sheets: 
 left or right only
The 4-cent
stamp paid double the first class letter 
rate and was sometimes 
used as a substitute for 
the eight-cent stamp to 
pay the registry rate, 
using two stamps.
1895 269 7/22/1895 78,167,836 double-line
USPS
dark brown, dark yellow brown; double transfer
sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100); 
Pl#’s 92, 94, 104, 106, 194-197, 456-463
left or right only;
sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100
1898 280 11/13/1898 153,499,379 double-line
USPS
rose brown; double transfer
extra frame line at top – plate 793
possible on all 4 sides;

sheets of 400 cut 
into four panes of 100

280a double-line
USPS
lilac brown; brownish claret
280b double-line
USPS
orange brown
  5¢ Grant Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson    


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 255 10/23/1894 30,688,840 none chocolate, deep chocolate,
yellow brown; double transfer; lines missing in background oval; 
vert. pair imperf. horiz.; 
sheets of 400 (4panes of 100):
Pl#’s 49, 53, 54, 56
sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100):
Pl#’s 128-130, 
 and 134, 161-164
400-subject sheets: 
possible on all 4 sides;
200-subject sheets: 
 left or right only
The five-cent
stamp paid the 
U.P.U. rate for foreign mail.
1895 270 9/12/1895 123,775,455 double-line
USPS
chocolate, deep brown;
chestnut brown; double transfer; lines missing in background oval; 
sheets of 200 (2 panes of 100): 
Pl#’s 128-130, 134, 161-164, 189, 190, 192, 193, 250-253, 351, 353,
357, 359, 389-392
left or right only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

  5¢ Grant New Color of
1898

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson    


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 281 3/19/1898 279,622,170 double-line
USPS
bright to dark blue;
double transfer; 
worn plate with diagonal 
lines missing in background oval
left or right only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

The new color was issued 
to conform
with the 
U.P.U standard, that is, 
five cent stamps were to 
be printed in blue.
  6¢ Garfield Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 256 8/11/1894 5,120,800 none dull brown; vert. pair imperf.
horiz.; 
plate nos. 28
left or right
only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

The six-cent stamp
paid 
triple the first class letter 
rate and was often used 
as an all-purpose stamp
 to complete postage needs.
1895 271 9/14/1895 20,712,875 double-line
USPS
dull brown, claret brown; very
thin paper;
plate no. 28, 184, 248, 373, 386, 451
271a with USIR watermark USIR —–
  6¢ Garfield New Color of
1898

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 282 3/13/1899 46,457,450 double-line
USPS
lake; claret;
double transfer
left or right
only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

the six-cent stamp
paid triple 
the first class letter rate and was often used as an all-purpose stamp
to complete postage requirements
282a purplish lake double-line
USPS
lake; claret
  8¢ Sherman Design of
1895
  

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1895 257 5/8/1895 2,426,100 none violet brown, bright violet brown;
plate no. 58
left or right
only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

The eight-cent
stamp 
paid the registry fee.
1895 272 9/11/1895 96,217,820 double-line
USPS
violet brown, dark violet brown; 
double transfer; plate nos. 58, 249, 
555, 928-931, 1094-1097
272a with USIR watermark double-line
USIR
—–
  10¢ Webster Design of 1894 

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 258 11/2/1894
off cover
12,263,180 none dark green, green, dull
green; 
double transfer; 
plate nos. 55, 62, 63, 64
possible on all 4 sides;

sheets of 400 cut 
into four panes of 100

The ten-cent stamp
paid the 
first class letter plus registry 
fee; it also paid double the 
U.P.U. foreign mail rate.
1895 273 7/25/1895 59,983,007 double-line
USPS
dark green, green; double
transfer;
plate nos. 55, 62-64, 302, 303, 305, 306
  10¢ Webster New Color of 1898  

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   


Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties/Type Straight-edge Purpose
1898 282C 12/10/1898 42 million double-line
USPS
brown to dark brown; double
transfer
Type I – Types
of the 10¢ Stamp
possible on all 4 sides;

sheets of 400 cut 
into four panes of 100

The ten-cent stamp
paid the 
first class letter plus registry 
fee; it also paid double the 
U.P.U. foreign mail rate.

The color change was necessary to avoid confusion with the new
green 
one-cent stamp.

1898 283 3/13/1899 65 million horizontal
double-line
USPS
yellow to orange brown
Type II
1900 283a with vertical watermark vertical
double-line
USPS
yellow to orange brown
Type II

  15¢ Clay Design
of
1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson  

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 259 12/6/1894 1,583,920 none dark blue, indigo; 
plate no. 52
left or right only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

The fifteen-cent
stamp was used mainly for letters 
over 2 oz. to Europe and 
on 4th class mail and 
parcel post packages.
1895 274 5/5/1896 7,013,612 double-line
USPS
dark blue, indigo; 
plate nos. 52, 264

  15¢ Clay New Color of
1898

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson  

Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1898 284 3/3/1899 15,993,313 double-line
USPS
olive to dark olive green left or right only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

The fifteen-cent
stamp also 
paid triple the U.P.U. foreign 
mail rate and was often used 
as an all-purpose stamp to 
complete postage. 

The color change was necessary to avoid 
confusion with the new 
blue five-cent stamp.

 
50¢ Jefferson Design of 1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Alfred Jones
· Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson  

Year Cat. # EDU No.
Issued
Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 260 12/12/1894
off cover
1/15/95 on
175,330 none orange to deep orange; 
plate no. 75
left or right
only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

The fifty-cent
stamp was 
used on multiple rate 
letters and parcels.
1895 275 5/5/1896 1,065,390 double-line
USPS
orange to bright orange; 
plate no. 75
275a reddish orange double-line
USPS
red orange

 $1 Perry Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Edward C.
Steimle · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson  

Year Cat. # EDU No.
Issued
Watermark Type/Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 261 1/18/1895 26,284 none Types
of the $1 Stamp

Type I; grayish black to black; 
plate no. 76
left or right
only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

Note that all of the 
stamps come from 
plate 76. The first 15 columns
(150 stamps) starting from the left 
are type I and the 
last five columns
(50 stamps) are type II. 

The one-dollar
stamp was 
used on high multiple 
rate letters and parcels.
1894 261A 3/22/1895 8,762 none Type II; grayish black to black;
setenant pairs and multiples with Cat. # 261; plate no. 76
1895 276 4/9/1897 192,449 double-line
USPS
Type I; greenish black to black; 
 plate no. 76
1895 276A 4/6/1896 63,803 double-line
USPS
Type II; greenish black to black;
setenant pairs and multiples with Cat. # 276;
plate no. 76

 $2 Madison Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Edward C.
Steimle · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson  

Year Cat. # EDU No.
Issued
Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 262 7/6/1895
off cover
7/15/1895
on cover
10,027 none bright blue;
plate no. 84
left or right
only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

The two-dollar
stamp was 
used primarily on  parcels. 
1895 277 7/18/1895 31,720 double-line
USPS
bright blue;
plate no. 84
277a double-line
USPS
dark blue;
plate no. 84

 $5 Marshall Design
of 1894

Designer: Thomas F.
Morris · Vignette: Edward C.
Steimle · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson ·
Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson  

Year Cat. # EDU No.
Issued
Watermark Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Purpose
1894 263 7/6/1896 6,251 none dark green;
plate no. 85
left or right
only;

sheets of 200 cut 
into two panes of 100

The five-dollar
stamp 
was used primarily 
on heavy parcels. 
1895 278 11/3/1896 26,965 double-line
USPS
dark green;
plate no. 85

Notes:

The EDU information is based on the best information available. If you know of a documented usage earlier than the one listed, please let us know and the information will be updated as appropriate. 

Bibliography and suggested additional reading:

Basic Information: 
The Postage Stamps of the 19th Century,
Volume II,
by Lester
Brookman (1966)
The 1949 Cat. # U.S. Specialized Stamp Catalogue Cat. # Stamp & Coin Co. Limited



Notable Auction Sales:
The Whitpain Collection of U.S. 1894-1898 Bureau Issues – Robert A. Siegel
Auction Galleries #977 Dec. 2-3, 2009

Design dimensions:
The Postage Stamps of the United States,
John Luff  (1902 and 1937)

Colors
:
The Encyclopedia of the Colors of United States Postage Stamps
Volume 3 – Issues of 1894-1907, by Roy H. White (1981)
The Micarelli Identification Guide to U.S. Stamps: Regular Issues
1847-1934
by Charles N. Micarelli

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