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Designs of the Issues of 1890 - The Baby Bank Notes of the American Bank Note Company
American Bank Note Company · Perf. 12 · Unwatermarked Soft Porous Paper· Uniform Design Size: 19 x 22 mm
Note the lack of triangles at upper left and right - See 1894 for comparison with the 1st Bureau Issue


   1¢ Franklin of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Edward C. Steimle · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued* Printer Design Size Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 219 2/27/1890 2,206,093,450 American 19 x 22 mm

Note that this issue is often called the "Baby Bank Note" issue due to the smaller size of these Bank Notes.
dull blue, deep blue, ultramarine; 
double transfer; 

Plate Nos.: C 11-15; G 36-40; Q 89-93; BB 145-149;
FF 165-169; UU 240-244 ;
C1 280-284; D1 285-289;
F1 295-299
sheets of 400 stamps cut into four panes of 100

all four sides are 
candidates for a 
natural straight-edge
the one-cent stamp paid the 
rate for domestic third class 
mail and for drop letters
   2¢ Washington of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued* Printer Design Size Colors/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 219D 2/22/1890
First Day
~100 million American 19 x 22 mm lake; double transfer; at least 21 Pl #'s known sheets of 200 or 400 stamps cut into 
panes of 100

all four sides are 
candidates for a 
natural straight-edge
the two-cent stamp paid 
the rate for domestic 
first class mail 
1890 220 3/11/1890 6,144,819,500 American 19 x 22 mm carmine; dark carmine; 
rose; carmine rose; 
about 255 Pl #'s known
1892? 220a cap over left "2" EDU 9/9/1892 --- American 19 x 22 mm carmine/cap on left "2";
Plate #'s 235-236; 246-248
1892? 220c cap over both 2's EDU 7/7/1892 --- American 19 x 22 mm carmine/cap on both "2"s; setenant pair 220a & 220c
Plate #'s 245-246
   3¢ Jackson of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Printer Design Size Color/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 221 2/28/1890 46,877,200 American 19 x 22 mm purple; bright purple; dark purple;

Plate Nos. 21, 72
sheets of 200 cut vertically into panes of 100

only the left and right 
sides are candidates for 
a natural straight-edge
the three-cent stamp 
was used to complete 
other rates
   4¢ Lincoln of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Alfred Jones · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Printer Design Size Color/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 222 7/16/1890 66,759,475 American 19 x 22 mm dark brown, 
blackish brown;
double transfer
 
Plate Nos. J 51-55
MM 200-204
sheets of 200 cut vertically into panes of 100

only the left and right 
sides are candidates for 
a natural straight-edge
the four-cent stamp 
paid double the domestic
 rate for first class mail 
   5¢ Grant of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Printer Design Size Color/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 223 6/14/1890 152,236,530 American 19 x 22 mm chocolate, 
yellow brown;
double transfer

Plate Nos. I 46-50
sheets of 200 cut vertically into panes of 100

only the left and right 
sides are candidates for 
a natural straight-edge
the five-cent stamp paid 
the foreign rate to most 
UPU destinations 
   6¢ Garfield of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Printer Design Size Color/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 224 5/8/1890 9,253,400 American  19 x 22 mm brown red,
dark brown red;

Plate No. 23
sheets of 200 cut vertically into panes of 100

only the left and right 
sides are candidates for 
a natural straight-edge
the six-cent stamp was a versatile make-up stamp
 for a variety of rates, domestic rates in particular 
   8¢ Sherman of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Printer Design Size Color/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1893 225 5/4/1893 12,087,800 American  19 x 22 mm lilac, grayish lilac, magenta;

Plate #'s ZZ 265-269
sheets of 200 cut vertically into panes of 100

only the left and right 
sides are candidates for 
a natural straight-edge
the eight-cent stamp 
paid the registry rate 
starting Jan. 1, 1893
   10¢ Webster of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Printer Design Size Color/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 226 3/5/1890 72,746,160 American  19 x 22 mm green, bluish green, 
dark green; 
double transfer;

Plate Nos. E 26-30
sheets of 200 cut vertically into panes of 100

only the left and right 
sides are candidates for 
a natural straight-edge
the ten-cent stamp 
paid the registry rate
until Jan.1, 1893; it also paid double the UPU rate
   15¢ Clay of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Charles Skinner · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Printer Design Size Color/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 227 5/16/1890 5,548,710 American  19 x 22 mm indigo, deep indigo; double transfer; 
triple transfer

Plate No. 22
sheets of 200 cut vertically into panes of 100

only the left and right 
sides are candidates for 
a natural straight-edge
the fifteen-cent stamp was 
a versatile make-up stamp 
for a variety of rates; registered letters and 
foreign rates in particular 
   30¢ Jefferson of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Alfred Jones · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Printer Design Size Color/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 228 4/14/1890 1,504,408 American  19 x 22 mm black, full black, 
gray black;

Plate No. 24
sheets of 200 cut vertically into panes of 100

only the left and right 
sides are candidates for 
a natural straight-edge
the thirty-cent stamp was 
a versatile make-up stamp 
for a variety of rates; 
small parcels and 
foreign rates in particular 
   90¢ Perry of 1890                            Designer: Thomas F. Morris · Vignette: Edward G. Steimle · Frame: Douglas S. Ronaldson · Lettering: D. S. Ronaldson   
Year Cat. # EDU No. Issued Printer Design Size Color/Varieties Straight-edge Possible Purpose
1890 229 ?/16/1890
month unknown, off-cover example
 
next earliest is 2/7/1892 
(on cover)
219,721 American  19 x 22 mm orange, yellow orange, red orange; 
short transfer at bottom

Plate No. 25
sheets of 200 cut vertically into panes of 100

only the left and right 
sides are candidates for 
a natural straight-edge
the ninety-cent stamp was 
a versatile make-up stamp 
for a variety of rates; 
parcels for both domestic 
and foreign destinations, 
in particular 

fewer than 100 covers 
are known

 

Notes: The EDU information is based on the best information available. Please report any updates or corrections.

The straight-edge information is provided to assist in determining whether a stamp is a candidate for a reperfed straight-edge. Note that the 3¢ through 90¢ stamps were not made with naturally occurring straight-edges at top or bottom. Thus, it is unlikely that the perfs at the top or bottom of these stamps would be reperfed. On the other hand, well centered stamps should be closely examined at left and right to insure the perfs are genuine.

Bibliography and suggested additional reading:

Basic Information: 
The Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Volume III, by Lester Brookman (1967)
The 1949 Cat. # U.S. Specialized Stamp Catalogue Cat. # Stamp & Coin Co. Limited

Design dimensions:
The Postage Stamps of the United States, John Luff  (1902 and 1937)

Colors
:
The Encyclopedia of the Colors of United States Postage Stamps - Volume 2 Issues of 1869-1893, by Roy H. White (1981)
The Micarelli Identification Guide to U.S. Stamps: Regular Issues 1847-1934 by Charles N. Micarelli

Postal History:


Websites of interest to the Small Bank Note collector: 
There are no websites that deal exclusively with the American Bank Note Co. Baby Bank Notes, but the following sites will prove useful for additional information:
The Collectors Club Philatelist at www.collectorsclub.org.
The Chronicle of the U.S. Classic Postal Issues at www.uspcs.org
Siegel Powersearch at Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc.


 

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